1080i vs 1080p

Why is it Better to Hire Professionals for TV Aerial Installation in Manchester You might be thinking that installing your TV aerial on your own is better and cheaper. After all, why bother hiring people for aerial installation services in Manchester when you can just Google a DIY TV aerial installation?  Well, there is a reason why many customers still avail aerial services in Manchester.  DIY Aerial Installation Can Cause You to Spend More Yes, you read that right. You may end up spending more money by doing a DIY aerial installation. TV aerial installation, and any other installations like satellite dish installation and TV installation, is best left to the professionals. Aerial installation may look simple at first, but aerials and satellites are very delicate and sophisticated objects that should be installed carefully. If you don't install your aerial and satellite system the right way, you’ll end up with poor TV signal reception. A wrong installation or careless mistake may break your aerial or satellite causing you to buy another one. Moreover, satellite and aerial repairs due to mishandling may be more expensive than the actual installation itself.  Doing Aerial Installations on Your Own is Extremely Risky To get the best signal reception in Manchester, satellites and outdoor tv aerials are usually recommended. Satellites and external or outdoor digital TV aerials Manchester are usually installed in a high area. Installing one may need going to the roof of your property or reaching a high spot on the wall of your home using a ladder.  If you don't have the right skills and equipment, you may not just end up spending money for aerial repairs. You may also end up paying hospital bills for accidental injuries you incur on yourself. Go the safer route and contact Aerialforce instead. Knowing the Best Type of TV Aerial in Your Area in Manchester Can Be Tricky There are several types of digital TV aerials and satellite systems in Manchester. In some areas, having an indoor digital TV aerial may be the best choice for optimal signal reception. On the other hand, many areas in Manchester require external or digital TV aerials for the best signal reception. These are just some of the many types of digital TV aerials. Satellite systems may even be a separate discussion. Buying the most expensive TV aerial doesn't guarantee high quality signal reception in Manchester. If you get one without professional advice or help, you may end up wasting money as your TV aerial or satellite is not cost-efficient. Manchester Professional Engineers Know Best about Aerials Manchester Asking for professional help and services for your digital aerial installation is the best choice. Professional engineers, thanks to their years of experience, offer you the best services to give you the best viewing experience at home.  A TV aerial engineer is also skilled and well-knowledgeable about the different aerials Manchester choices and which one is the best for your home. Aerial services from professionals also usually come with other services such as TV installation, Freesat installation, and repairs, so if you ever need help, give Aerialforce a call! Other Services You Can Avail Alongside Aerial Services Aerial engineers have years of experience in satisfying customer's aerial and digital TV needs. Aside from aerial installations in Manchester, they also work to offer different services to provide you with the best digital television experience. People who need help with their TV aerials also usually ask for help in their Freeview, Sky Magic Eye, or Freesat Installation.  Since Freeview usually comes hand in hand with TV aerials, professional aerial engineers in Manchester also offer to optimize their customer's television system to receive the best possible Freeview signals and get the best Freeview television channels in Manchester. Problems regarding the quality of Freeview signal reception as well as missing Freeview channels are also solved by these professionals in Manchester Aside from Freeview, professionals in Manchester can also offer their service in other installations such as satellite dish installation and Freesat installation.  Satellite Dish also comes hand in hand with Freesat, so many also avail the service of Freesat installers. Unlike Freeview which usually works with TV aerials, Freesat works via Satellite System.  You can get over 200 channels in Freesat with your satellite dish, as opposed to the Freeview's 70 channels. Hence, Freesat is great for getting a few extra channels via satellite. However, the television experience can still feel lacking for some customers because of the limit on channels. Other customers today who are not satisfied with Freeview or Freesat reception avail the service of Sky and its magic eye. Aerialforce engineers in Manchester can provide help installing brackets for your TV wall and help you with TV wall mounting. They can also fix your coax cable if it needs fixing and do repairs on other parts of your TV system such as your antenna, tuner, etc. Aside from cable, TV aerial, satellite dish, and any other digital television-related service, professionals can also provide service in installations of CCTV systems at your home. Contact one and they will be there as soon as possible. There are definitely different kinds of television service you can avail in Manchester, so feel free to call and contact us through phone or email. If you ever need assistance for any aerial, satellite dish, Freeview, Sky, and problems of the like, contact Aerialforce at 0330 173 2901 or book online now!

As TV and media technology grows, there are just so many terms that can leave you confused if you are not familiar with them. Some terms such as 1080p and 1080i are often used interchangeably. People who are not so techy may not care enough about such terms, but there is actually a big difference among them that may impact your purchasing and watching decisions. Here, we provided you with a simple explanation of the difference between 1080i and 1080p.

  1. Resolution
  2. 1080i vs 1080p: What’s the Difference?
  3. 1080i vs 1080p vs Other Resolution (720 p, Ultra HD, 4k, etc.)


1080i and 1080p have their fair share of similarities and differences. Let’s start with their similarities which is the resolution. Resolution refers to the number of pixels that are displayed on the TV screen. These pixels are like tiny dots that compose the images displayed on a TV.

One common misconception is that 1080i has a lower vertical resolution than 1080p. This is false as the resolutions of both 1080i and 1080p are the same which is 1920 x 1080 pixels on a typical 16:9 widescreen. 1920 pixels by 1080 pixels means that 1080 lines of pixels are displayed on the screen where each horizontal line contains 1920 pixels.

1080i vs 1080p: What’s the Difference?

If both 1080i and 1080p have similar resolutions, where do they differ? The main difference between the two is the way they display the pictures on TVs. Particularly, 1080p uses a frame to display a picture while 1080i uses a field to display a picture.

Difference Between a Field and a Frame

An important process in data transmission is scanning, which is the way the lines in pictures or videos are written across the screen. The lines of pixels are written many times per second, and the method of scanning depends on whether a frame or a field is used.

In video-related fields, a frame refers to a still image that is part of a complete moving picture. If you are familiar with the term fps or frames per second, it just essentially refers to the number of frames or still images displayed in one second.

On the other hand, a field contains half of the lines of the frame: one half containing the even lines while the other half containing the odd lines. Odd lines simply mean that all the 1st horizontal line, 3rd horizontal line, 5th, 7th, and so on are part of one field while the even lines include the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, and so on.

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Progressive Scan vs Interlaced Scan

So what do fields and frames have to do with HDTV resolutions? 1080p resolutions are frame-based that use a scanning method called the progressive scan. In fact, the “p” in 1080p refers to “progressive” not “pixels”. 1080p displays the lines of a picture progressively from top to bottom. These pictures are then displayed in a 1080p video in an extremely fast motion every short time.

The frame rate for TVs in pal countries is 25 frames per second while the frame rate for TVs in NTSC countries is 30 frames per second. For cinematography, the typical frame rate is 24 frames per second.

On the other hand, 1080i resolutions are field-based that use a scanning method called the interlaced scan. The “i” in 1080i also refers to “interlaced”. As opposed to progressive scan, interlaced scan displays the lines of a field (which is half of an image) at an instant. 1080i display the field with the odd lines first at an instant followed by the even lines. These two different fields are “interlaced” to look or appear as a single picture in the viewer’s eyes. This is done by displaying them in an extremely fast motion every short period of time.

A 1080i video typically uses a rate of 50 fields every second for TVs in PAL countries and a rate of 60 fields per second for TVs in NSTC countries.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Progressive and Interlaced

You might be wondering what is the point of dividing an image into two. First, the interlaced scan uses less bandwidth. Bandwidth, in the simplest terms, just refers to the amount of data (or in this case image) you can send or transmit at a time. Delivering 1080p with great picture quality uses a higher amount of bandwidth. Thus, it can get very expensive. Many cable companies use 1080i to compress data significantly and get more bandwidth.

A disadvantage though is that you may get to see slightly pixelated colour gradations in some scenes caused by the slight mismatch in the interlacing of the fields. This is more evident when you’re watching a video that displays quick motion such as a sports broadcast or an action movie. The video delivered by the cable company is still high definition, but it’s not just as good as it’s meant to be.

Progressive scan or 1080p is generally better in displaying high-quality videos in TVs. The frames in a 1080p video look sharper, better, and more defined than 1080i. However, due to the cost, there’s really not a lot of videos you can get to watch in full HD. 

Other TV channels reduce the quality of their videos to 720p for cable companies to be able to deliver them in 1080i. Blu-ray is one of the most popular formats in watching HD content. Many video formats from streaming sites such as YouTube and Netflix also support full HD content.

1080i vs 1080p vs Other Resolution (720 p, Ultra HD, 4k, etc.)

Clearly, there are different advantages and disadvantages of each resolution. Most TVs and boxes from cable companies such as SkyHD allow you to switch from one resolution to another. The best way to determine which resolution is the best is to consider these biggest factors: 

  • the format of the video you are watching
  • the type of video content
  • and the size of your HDTV.

If the format of the video you are watching supports full high definition such as blu-ray or the Internet, then it is better to use progressive or 1080p. 1080p is also best in watching videos in the case where resolution is more important than fluid motion. If the fluid motion is more important to see than the resolution, watching in 720p is best. If you need to see high-definition TV, 1080i is often used. If it is a standard-definition TV, 720p is best which you can convert to 576i or 480i.

It is important to note that the difference between the higher resolutions will only really be noticeable on larger screens. Even the difference between 720p and 1080p may not be clear when you’re watching on a relatively small screen. 

The two higher resolutions, Ultra HD and 4K, are best if you have a very large HDTV screen. However, if you have a small screen, it might be better to stick to a lower resolution such as 720p.

Are you having problems with your signal reception? Contact Aerialforce now and we’ll come to your doorstep on the same day of your call! Aerialforce provides urgent freeview aerial installations and repairs to ensure that your watching experience is never hindered!

Best Budget CCTVs for your Home


When it comes to your home security, it should be your top priority to ensure that no harm comes your way. Crime rates are steadily increasing and you want to make sure that your house and store are properly secured and ready for any kind of break-ins.

With the help of a security camera, this will give you the best experience in protecting your privacy and safety! However, if you don’t know a thing about CCTV cameras, read our article about the 6 Common Types of CCTVs!

Meanwhile, if you want to find the best CCTV camera at the lowest price, we rounded up the good ones just for you! Here are our top 7 best budget CCTV cameras that only cost under £400! You don’t have to spend a fortune to keep your home and family safe and protected.

  1. Google Nest Cam IQ Outdoor
  2. Arlo Pro 3 Floodlight Cam
  3. Ring Spotlight Cam Battery
  4. Canary Flex HD
  5. Google Nest Cam Indoor
  6. Netatmo Smart Indoor Camera
  7. Arlo Q Plus

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Google Nest Cam IQ Outdoor (£329)

This mighty and smart security camera offers stunning features such as a high-power infrared lens, 360° rotation, 1080p video, weatherproof, and records 24/7 footage! It has a facial recognition feature and can detect and zoom up to 50 feet away with its 4k sensor! The Google Nest Cam IQ Outdoor smoothly works with Alexa or Google Assistant. Additionally, this outdoor security camera can operate at temperatures between -40° to 113° F and work well day or night.

Due to its specs, the installation process can be quite tricky. But if you want a top quality outdoor security camera, we assure you that the Google Nest Cam IQ Outdoor is worth all the effort!

Arlo Pro 3 Floodlight Cam (£260)

The Arlo Pro 3 Floodlight Cam is a sustainable battery-powered outdoor camera that requires no hassle wirings. It includes a reliable built-in alert system, and a powerful integrated floodlight. This home security camera can also record videos during day and night! You are assured of your safety and protection with its high-resolution digital zoom, colour night vision, six months battery life, and a 160° diagonal field of view.

The Arlo Pro 3 Floodlight Camera is also a cost-effective purchase as it has an optional solar panel or Outdoor Charging Cable. With this, you are sure that your floodlight camera will be charged all day long! On another note, the Arlo Pro 3 is also built to resist cold rain and the sun heat.

With Arlo Pro 3’s smart features, it can easily capture and record quality video footage on the outside of your home. This does not only work well with domestic properties but also office and business establishments.

Ring Spotlight Cam Battery (£199)

The Ring Spotlight Cam Battery is a wireless home security outdoor camera with no monthly or yearly subscription. It has a 1080p HD video and image quality, a colour night vision, a field view of 140°, and two-way audio quality. Moreover, it also works with Alexa and Google Assistant! The camera also includes built-in LED light strips and a 110-decibel alarm system. Meanwhile, to store video footage, this outdoor home security camera offers affordable cloud storage packages.

Installing this security camera is quite convenient. All you need to do is download the Ring Always Home app, and there will be an instruction manual for you that you must follow. Moreover, because the Ring Spotlight Cam Battery is wire-free, its rechargeable batteries have a battery life of 6 to 12 months! Lastly, you can also live stream the recording, so you won’t need to worry when leaving your home.

Canary Flex HD (£189)

The Canary Flex HD is a weatherproof HD home security camera known due to its flexibility. It can be used inside or outside your home, and it can operate whether plugged in or wire-free! You don’t need to worry about snaking its 8 ft length power cable because it has a 6700 mAh rechargeable battery.

The Canary Flex HD has a 116° field of view, an HD camera with 1080p video, and motion detection. For its audio, it offers a high-quality microphone, a built-in speaker, and two-way audio. Its night vision is also superb and will automatically switch on. Additionally, you have the choice of whether to get a subscription or not.

With its innovative design, improving your home’s security will become easier, as the Canary Flex HD serves you with adjustable features!

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Google Nest Cam Indoor (£159)

The Google Nest Cam Indoor is a dependable home security camera that alerts your smartphone, smartwatch, and email when it detects noise and motion. With its good image quality, two-way audio, and compatibility with Google Assistant and Amazon Alexa, this CCTV camera earns its place to belong in our list of best cheap home security cameras!

However, unlike its outdoor version, this security camera only has a 130° wide angle. As for video storage, they do not have a slot for a Micro SD Card and will require you to pay a subscription for cloud storage. Despite this, there is no need for you to feel uncomfortable in your home because the Google Nest Cam Indoor secures and encrypts your private content with an advanced security system.

Netatmo Smart Indoor Camera (£150)

The Netatmo Smart Indoor Camera is one of the most inexpensive indoor cameras. This gold aluminium tube is also recognised due to its sleek and minimal metallic appearance that fits perfectly to any interior design. It also has the feature for facial recognition and alerts your smartphone when a home intruder has been detected. 

Setting this up won’t take you a lot of time since you only need to plug it in, download the Netatmo Security App, create a Netatmo account or log in to an existing one, and follow the instructions afterwards.

Additionally, it also highlights the privacy of your family by keeping them off the record, unlike other smart security cameras that continuously film everything. Video storage is also flexible as you have the choice whether to store it automatically on your Dropbox cloud storage or backup your videos on your FTP server.

Despite its minimalist design, its feature includes an extensive 130° field of view, indoor siren, full HD videos, door or window sensors, and superior night vision.

Arlo Q Plus (£149)

Arlo Q Plus is a decent indoor security camera that is portable and compact. It can continuously record videos and has two-way audio. With a wide-angle 130° field of view, you are sure to be alerted when there is any noise or movement under its coverage. If you wish to connect it with Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant, or IFTTT & Stringify, Arlo Q Plus can work well with these AI technologies.

With Arlo Q Plus, you have the control and option to record your home 24/7 or not. The recording of your CCTV can be saved through your micro SD card local backup storage to secure the footages. Additionally, the video quality of Arlo can go up to 1080p, and it also has a night vision!

If you wish to install your CCTV camera efficiently, it is best to have a professional do it instead of DIY-ing your CCTV installation. With that in mind, Aerialforce can guarantee to assist you in setting up your home security camera!

Ready to book our services? Contact us at 0330 173 1924, or message us online!

What’s The Best Night Vision CCTV Camera?

security cctv

Surveillance cameras are vital equipment that allows you to monitor your home or shop day and night. As technology advances, so too does the features of these security cameras! Modern CCTV cameras now include a Wi-Fi enabled system, motion detection, wireless cable, 1080p full HD quality video, built-in LED light, and of course, infrared night vision. Night vision cameras are something to look forward to as it is best for outdoor surveillance. Besides, since a lot of suspicious activities usually happen at dusk, you won’t need to feel uneasy because security cameras with night vision will capture and record any strange movements and noises at night.

Additionally, what’s excellent about CCTV cameras is that you can easily connect it to your television in full HD! This way, you can monitor what is going on outside your home on a larger screen, making it way easier to detect suspicious activity in your property.

Are you planning to buy a night vision security camera for your home or shop? Read ahead to find out top 5 night vision security cameras that you can choose from! These products are our best choices of night vision cameras, that we believe suits any household, or businesses.

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Arlo Ultra

The Arlo Ultra is a conventional wireless night vision camera that provides multiple useful features to protect and enhance your security. You can see the complete set of your property due to its 180° viewing angle, de-warping simulation, and 4K HD resolution with HDR! It also has a digital zoom that allows you to see important details such as license plate, logos, and even words. Whether you use it for indoor or outdoor security, its performance won’t be compromised.

At night, you are ensured that you are safe and alert as it has an integrated spotlight that enhances the colour night vision feature of Arlo Ultra. Meanwhile, you can disable the lights and have the infrared LED light for black and white night vision. However, the colour night vision is better compared to the traditional black and white image and video quality as it is more clear. The Arlo Ultra also has a Wi-Fi enabled system and works with your Apple Watch, Google Home Hub, and Amazon Alexa. Installing this CCTV camera won’t take too much of your time because it has no complicated wirings!

Lorex 4K Nocturnal Smart IP Camera

The Lorex 4K Nocturnal Smart IP Camera offers infrared LED lights with up to 130 feet range of infrared and colour night vision. When it comes to its audio and image quality, it includes a 4K HD resolution with HDR, listen-in audio monitoring, and a 111 ° viewing angle. However, since it is an IP camera, it needs an NVR to store video footage, and record videos without paying monthly subscription fees for cloud storage. This CCTV camera also provides a privacy-masking feature that gives you control on what areas you don’t want to capture.

Additionally, with the Lorex NVR, this home security camera will be able to gain features of smart detection technology to identify people and vehicles. The Lorex 4K Nocturnal Smart IP Camera is also weatherproof, and it includes a heavy-duty aluminium exterior that ensures long-lasting performance for outdoor use. 

Hive View Outdoor Camera

The Hive View Outdoor camera provides a high-resolution video quality, listen-in audio monitoring, and has a digital zoom up to 8x. If you wish to live stream, this security camera will give you a clear 1080p full HD video, and a viewing angle of 130°. For Hive View Outdoor Camera’s night vision, it can reach up to 15 feet away, while for its day time vision, it can reach up to 60 feet away. This security camera will automatically record once it detects people, noise, or any motion, ensuring the safety of your property day and night!

Meanwhile, if it captures any suspicious movement or noise, it will notify your smartphone or email. You can also adjust its alert sensitivity settings to avoid unnecessary report messages. No need to worry about your privacy because all your camera footage is encrypted and stored securely in the cloud storage! Since it will be used outdoors, the Hive View Outdoor Camera has an IP66 weatherproof rating and can endure rain, dust, and temperature ranging from -20°C to +45°C.

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Blink XT2

The Blink XT2 is a great choice of infrared night vision CCTV camera. It can be for indoor or outdoor use and has a field of view of 110°. This home security camera is compatible with smart integration platforms like Amazon Alexa voice control, and IFTTT, and is also weatherproof. Moreover, Blink XT2 is a wireless home security camera that is powered by batteries that can last up to 2 years! 

It has a motion sensor, live viewing, mic for two-way talk, free cloud storage, 1080p image quality, Wi-Fi enabled system and one-directional microphone. Also, the appearance of the Blink XT2 is discrete and minimalistic. Since it is a battery-powered outdoor security camera, installing this will only take you a few minutes! The Blink XT2 is also the top customer’s choice due to its affordable price, and easy installation process.

Logitech Circle 2 (wireless)

The Logitech Circle 2 is a waterproof CCTV camera that can be wired or wireless. It is the best versatile home security camera that can be used for indoor and outdoor surveillance. The video quality of Logitech Circle 2 extends to 1080p HD resolution, has a digital zoom and a diagonal viewing angle of 180° with a reliable infrared night vision that clears up to 15 feet away! It also has a built-in speaker, two-way audio, high quality exterior and adjustable pan and tilt. Since it is the wireless version, this Logitech Circle 2 has a rechargeable 6400 mAh Li-ion battery.

If you want to set it up on your mobile, you can download the Circle mobile app and even customise the alert sensitivity! Meanwhile, it works well with Apple HomeKit, Google Assistant, and Chromecast devices if you wish to live stream or manage your smart home. It even has a smart location feature that automatically stops recording videos when it detects that you have arrived home through your phone’s GPS.

Night vision security cameras are reliable to use, especially at dusk. With their high-resolution video quality and alert systems, your home will be safe from intruders day and night! If you want to buy and install a night vision security camera for your home, the professional CCTV engineers of Aerialforce are the right people to assist you! You can choose which outdoor CCTV products that work for you, and our team will do the rest.

Besides, other than CCTV installations, Aerialforce also offers TV Aerial maintenance, locksmith services, and Satellite repairs. If you wish to avail our services, you can reach out to our customer service or book us online!

Must-Have Local Services After Moving House

moving house


So you’ve finally moved. You can now throw away your extensive and long moving house checklist. You have successfully pulled it off. Hopefully, there weren’t any problems.

Unfortunately for you, you can’t celebrate and invite your family and friends over just yet. It’s now time to pull up your post-moving house checklist. You read that right. Groan if you want, but you know that it must be done. 

One of the major items that should be on your post-moving house checklist is compiling a list of the local servicemen in the area. Here we have listed down the essential must-have local services once you have moved houses. Why local? Because they know the lay of the land more than you and can propose small tweaks in your plans that will help it better fit the neighbourhood. Additionally, their proximity to your property would mean reduced waiting time and costs.

Entertainment System: Aerial Engineer

Having a fully-functioning entertainment system is the first step towards settling in your new home. Being in a new area can be quite a stressful time. Having a comfortable space where you can relax and unwind after a long day is essential. Your entertainment system does not have to be a full-grown home theatre. It just needs to receive TV reception so you can watch your favourite shows. And no, you don’t need cable!

If it’s your first time in the UK, you must know that the country has Freeview. Freeview is the biggest TV platform in the UK, used in 18 million homes. It provides 95% of the nation’s most popular shows for FREE! If you want to have free TV programming, look for a local Aerial engineer. Call them immediately so you can set up your TV.

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Home Security

According to the Office for National Statistics, the total police recorded crime increased by 3% for the year in England and Wales. If this statistic disturbs you, then you might want to invest in home security. When you’re in a new location, it’s understandable that you feel uncomfortable sleeping at night. What can help you is knowing that you and your family is safe and secure.

We’ve listed down two of the best ways to improve your home security.


If you’re moving into a place that other people have lived in before, it might be best for you to change the locks. By doing this, you can ensure that only you will have a copy of your keys. And while you’re changing your locks, splurge a little bit and choose industrial strength locks to keep out intruders. Have your local locksmith change your locks immediately after you’ve moved.


CCTVs act as a visual deterrent to burglars by sending the message that your property has surveillance. While it doesn’t turn crime away 100%, it works most of the time. And in the unfortunate event that your house does get broken into, you can use the footage to find out the perpetrators. Video footage may also be used in court as evidence. Read here which type of CCTV is best to install for your property. Once you have decided, call your local CCTV installer for more information.


What is a house without Wi-Fi? Unless you want to live in the Dark Ages, one essential house commodity you must have installed is your internet. Check around the neighbourhood on what the best Internet service provider is for your area. In fact, you can have your Internet connected before you move in, so you don’t have to deal with servicemen inside your house while you are unpacking all of your stuff.

Waste Disposal

If you just had your new place refurbished and renovated, then one thing you need to think of next is how you’re going to dispose all of your waste. Construction materials, demolished walls, old furniture. What do you with all of these? You can’t just leave them on the curb outside the streets. It would be best to have the number of your local skip hire to clear the rubbish for you. By doing this, you can come in to your new house all clean.


Safety is key to living harmoniously inside your new place. If you’re moving in a previously lived-in home, it would be best to contact your local plumber to give your plumbing system a once-over. They can assess the state of your plumbing system and identify any problems that you might face. Additionally, they can determine whether there are parts of your plumbing system that must be repaired or replaced before they break down. You don’t exactly want to wake up in the middle of the night with a plumbing emergency like a broken boiler or a burst pipe, do you?

Emergency Phone Numbers

The number one rule of safety is to know all of the emergency phone numbers in the area. If you can’t find the details online, ask the number from your realtor or landlord. It’s imperative that you know the local number of the nearest police station and fire department. Also, you must know the contact details of your utilities providers such as the water department, gas company, and power company.

It’s another task that’s being added to your already gargantuan list of tasks, but it’s worth in the long run. Maintaining your new house will be easy once you’ve gotten familiar with your local servicemen.

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What Are The 6 Common Types of CCTV Cameras?

Multiple cctv

When it comes to home security, you should stop at no expense. Your house and property deserve all the best care that you can provide. A security camera takes care of making sure that your property receives no intruders and more. Many studies have found that installing CCTVs act as a visual deterrent towards crime.

If you are looking for a CCTV for your house, then you came to the right place. This article will cover all of the six most common types of CCTV cameras. Read ahead and learn all about CCTVs. 

What Is A CCTV Camera?

A CCTV, or a closed circuit television camera,  is an electronic camera, often automated that’s set up to use for video surveillance. CCTV cameras come in different shapes, sizes, styles, prices, and with several features. Closed circuit Televisions or CCTVs allow homeowners to sleep at night more peacefully or go on vacations without having to pay for a housesitter.

One common anxiety that homeowners have is leaving their house unattended. They just don’t know what the state of their house would be once they come home from their holiday from the Bahamas.

At the same time, property crime is steadily increasing. Every year, the crime rates seem to be disturbingly occurring more and in common. Even if you live in a reasonably safe neighbourhood, experts still recommend investing in your home security, especially if you live with kids. Thankfully, there are now different CCTV cameras available in the market to provide video surveillance.

When choosing for the best CCTV camera to get for your property, it’s best to get acquainted with the common types of security camera out there. You need to choose the CCTV system that is equipped with the proper features such as night vision, IP camera, motion detection or even fixed lens.

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6 Types of CCTV Cameras

  • High Definition (HD) CCTV Cameras

Suppose you have the budget for it, spring for an HD CCTV camera. An HD CCTV camera provides you with crystal clear footage of your home. You get videos with resolutions from 720P to 4K. There’s no harm in getting HD recordings which can prove to be quite convenient for criminal identification.

HD CCTV cameras are handy and essential, especially when you live in a place with high property crime rates. Most users of these type of CCTV cameras are businesses and high-end houses protecting themselves from being looted. In the event of a crime, the footage that you get can be used as strong evidence in court.

  • Dome CCTV Cameras 

Dome CCTV Cameras gets its name from its dome-shaped casing. The camera is enclosed in a dome giving a full 360-degree peripheral. The main benefit of dome CCTV cameras is its discreetness. What better way to protect your property than a hidden camera? Even in plain view, this type of security camera also does not show which angle it’s pointing towards. This means that people with malicious intentions will think twice or thrice before even stepping near your property. The chances of your property getting broken into decreases the more hurdles you add. You can’t exactly plan out a heist when there’s a layer of uncertainty as to how to get around the CCTV camera.

The Dome camera is great for covering wide areas such as stores and your front lawn. Because it can rotate, you can install it in the, and it will record anything that happens around your house.

  • C-Mount CCTV Cameras 

While the Dome camera is all about discreetness, C-mount CCTV cameras go the other way. C-Mount CCTV Cameras act as a visible deterrent to criminal activity. Its bulky body makes it the perfect CCTV camera to be installed outdoors where it can be seen in plain sight. The C-Mount’s lenses may also be customised so its range can extend over 40 feet.

The C-Mount CCTV camera is an excellent choice for outdoor surveillance, not only because of its appearance but also because of its sturdiness. Its outer casing protects the camera from extreme temperatures and rain making it the ideal surveillance system for your backyard. 

When you’re installing a CCTV, you need to check first for the legality of it. Before you turn it on, make sure that you comply with all the CCTV regulations in your county. Video surveillance outside of your personal property may invade someone’s privacy. Make sure that your CCTV system follows all the rules.

  • PTZ (Pan Tilt & Zoom) Cameras 

The PTZ or the Pan Tilt & Zoom Camera is mostly used in huge establishments that need to protect certain valuables at all times. Because of its Zoom and Tilt features, museums use PTZ cameras to monitor their collection closely. A lone security guard can have a command centre where he can remotely control all the PTZ cameras in the building. 

With the touch of a button, the PTZ camera can pan left & right, tilt up & down, zoom in & zoom out. The 360-degree field of vision makes it the ideal choice for businesses. More importantly, the image resolution provided by PTZ cameras is high, making it easy to distinguish the facial features of culprits.

  • Bullet CCTV Cameras 

The Bullet CCTV camera has the most iconic design. When you say CCTV, the image that pops up in everyone’s head is probably the Bullet CCTV. Its cylindrical shape and metal casing protect the camera and lens from the harsh outdoors, making it resistant to glare, heat, rain, dust, and dirt.

It is ideal for outdoor use and observing long distances. Because of its traditional shape, it is often placed in visible places where it acts as a deterrent to crime. Many consider the Bullet CCTV camera as the best security camera to use outdoors as it not only provides a live video feed but also sends out the message that your property is under surveillance.

  • Day/Night CCTV Cameras 

The Day/Night CCTV Camera is designed specifically to provide clear images and feed despite the presence or absence of light. The Day/Night CCTV gives crystal clear videos regardless if it’s 12 NN or 12 AM! Extra sensitive imaging chips and night vision allow Day/Night CCTV cameras to be the perfect CCTV camera for the outdoor environment with varying light conditions.

How Much For CCTV Installation?

When you’ve finally chosen the best type of CCTV for your property, it’s time to install your CCTV camera. CCTV cameras cost so much money. It would be unfortunate if it were installed improperly. Not only would it be a waste of money, but it also puts you and your family at risk. 

Many factors affect your CCTV installations, such as choosing the right power supply or the proper angle of your camera. We recommend that instead of DIY-ing your CCTV installations, call the professionals instead. Aerialforce, for instance, have professional CCTV engineers at your beck and call, no matter where you are in the UK. We also offer same-day installations to guarantee your property’s security ASAP.

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How To Connect CCTV to TV: Wireless and Wired


CCTVs act as an extra pair of eyes. With their help, you can better monitor the activity near your home and business. Many things have changed since they were first introduced as a public safety measure in the 1970s-1980s. In fact, not much remains the same. The video quality has come along way since the days of vague figures and pixelated images. You can now make out identifiable features and colours. They are also not just limited to recording footage. Now they come with a slew of additional services like night vision, motion detection, audio recording, among many others. 

With the development and progress of the camera as a unit, the system is bound to change. Now, you don’t have to sit in a small room with a series of TV screens to get a live video feed. You can do away with the constraints of a wired connection. You can sit anywhere else, like in your office, bedroom, and even in the toilet and access your CCTV wirelessly!

How Can I Connect My CCTV Camera To My TV Wirelessly?

There are two ways you can connect your CCTV camera to your TV, and both require an IP camera. The first is by connecting your network video recorder (NVR) to an internet modem or wifi router and transferring the footage via the internet. While this is considered a wireless solution, it isn’t 100% there yet. You still have your fair share of wires and cables to connect your cameras to your NVR and wire for your power supply. However, it is a significant jump from the tangled mess of a completely wired system. 

The second is by investing in a wireless security camera. Unlike the first option, you do not need internet access at all to be able to get your video feed. A wireless camera transmits video using an interference-free signal. It uses a radio transmitter to send files in digital multiplexes. It may seem complicated, but the tech isn’t new. It works similarly to getting Freeview on your TV or listening to music from your radio.

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Now a wireless security camera system may seem like the ultimate solution. It is just so convenient! But it has many weaknesses as well. They do not have the same security as a wired camera and do not have a steady power supply, and this limits its application. 

If you are looking into getting CCTV for a large warehouse or secure your building, a wireless security camera may not be the solution. They can better serve you in remote locations. If you have a large plot of land, you can invest in a wireless security camera system. You can also use them as a home security camera in parts of the home that typically do not get internet connection like the garden or the tool shed. 

With the many wireless options available, think about the possibilities! It can become a game-changer in your home or business security set up!

How Do I Connect My CCTV To The Internet?

If you are selecting the first option, then having an internet connection is a significant component. You can achieve it by acquiring the materials and following the instructions listed below: 


IP cameras

Network cables 


Power adapter

Internet modem

Step-By-Step Instructions

  1. Connect your IP cameras to your NVR using network cables. You can take your pick from Cat 5 up to Cat 7, depending on the speed and video quality you want to get. 
  2. Connect your internet modem to your NVR with an ethernet cable. 
  3. Attach your power adapter to your NVR and plug it in, and do the same for your modem.

* Besides having a direct connection to your internet modem, you can also use your wifi router if your NVR is apart of your wireless network setup. 

When you follow these instructions, you now know how to connect CCTV to TV wireless. You should be able to access CCTV footage on your laptop, smartphone, or smart TV. With this system in place, you don’t have to be confined to monitoring your home or business from the surveillance room. You now have the convenience to have eyes and ears on the ground wherever you are. 

If you find it too troublesome to set up a wireless connection on your own, Aerialforce has a team of professional CCTV engineers who can easily take over.

Can My CCTV Camera Be Used Without The Internet?

If you don’t want to use the internet for your CCTV camera, it should be fine. People have managed to use the security system from the 1960s to the 1990s without it. A wired connection may be an old school method, but it is still used today. Some companies prefer using wires to ensure that there is no signal interference. It also minimises the risk of security breaches like having a visible IP address. 


CCTV camera

Coaxial cable


Power adapter

HDMI cable/ RCA connector & BNC connector

Step-By-Step Instructions

  1. Directly connecting your CCTV camera to your TV is fairly straightforward. However, you need to pay attention to the compatibility of each device. If you have a CRT TV, then you use an analogue camera. If you have a digital or smart TV, use an IP camera. By doing so, you don’t have to look into additional converters or demodulators. 
  2. Connect your camera to your CCTV DVR or NVR. While you can use any of the two, it is best to pair your DVR with an analogue camera and an RG59 coaxial cable, and your NVR with an IP camera with a Cat 5-Cat 6 network cable.
  3. After you connect your camera to your recorder, connect your recorder to your TV. If you have a digital TV, you can use your HDMI cable to connect to your recording device. If you have an old CRT TV, you need to use a coaxial cable with a BNC connector and an RCA connector.
  4. Attach the power adapter to your DVR/ NVR and turn on your TV.

*There are exemptions. Some TVs have HDMI and analogue features, so you don’t have to worry about the type of security camera.

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How Do I Display CCTV On My TV? 

There are several ways you can display your CCTV footage on your TV, but, again, it depends on your setup. If you are connecting to your CCTV via the internet, some models have a built-in system with a real-time streaming protocol (RTSP) that connects to the model’s app. All you have to do is set up your account, and you can watch your CCTV live video on your phone. Most companies create apps for popular mobile devices, so you should be able to watch from your iPad, iPhone, or Android phone. If you want to view the footage on your TV, you can try to open the app on your smart TV or use Google’s Chromecast.

If you have a wired setup, you can pull up your CCTV display by connecting one end of the RCA connector to the camera’s video output and the other for the video input of the TV. Then you can switch your TV channel to video to stream your footage for old CRT TVs. It is very similar to connecting to an old VCR or CD player. 

Or you simply have to connect the HDMI output of your NVR and your TV’s HDMI input if you have a digital or smart TV. If you want to have a sleek and polished setup in your study or office, you can also have your TV mounted on the wall for better visibility. 

Both wired and wireless systems each have their own strengths and weaknesses. When you are deciding on which one to pick, remember to consider how it will fit into your daily life and cater to your needs.

If you need any help with figuring out how to go about CCTV cameras and systems, you can call us here at Aerialforce! We have experienced engineers who can help you get a customised plan up and running in no time. We offer same-day installations, repairs, and maintenance so you can keep your home or business safe and secure. You can book us online or call us at 0330 173 2785 for more details!

Best CCTV System in the UK for 2020


For anyone who wants to make sure their home and their business are safe and secure, a CCTV is the best solution. You can keep an eye out for unwanted intruders or thieves, watch out for the mailman, monitor your employees, and make sure your kids and your pets are safe and sound.

Because it offers the peace of mind that a burglar alarm system couldn’t provide, many homeowners and business owners have started to see the value in installing their surveillance system. Not everyone, however, is sure about where to begin with making this security upgrade.

Well, if you are thinking of purchasing a security camera system in 2020, the first thing that you should know is that there are many high-quality, competitively priced, smart security camera options in the market.

And to help you find the best CCTV system for you, we’ve put together a short guide on choosing security camera systems for you. Below, you will also find a list of today’s best wired and wireless security cameras for both indoor and outdoor use.

Questions To Ask Before Purchasing A CCTV Camera System

To find the best security camera system, you first need to determine what features it will need to possess. To do that, here are some questions you should ask yourself:

Do You Need It Wired or Wireless?

Wired cameras are the most common and cheapest type of security camera in the market, where the camera is connected directly to a monitor through some wire. These kinds of cameras, however, are pretty tricky to install, as it involves a lot of wires, cables, and connectors.

Meanwhile, wireless cameras transmit the captured footage to your computer or mobile device without the need for wires or cables. They make use of either analogue or digital technology and are usually powered by long-lasting batteries.

Most wireless CCTV cameras are generally easy to set up and install. However, they may suffer interference from other devices such as wifi routers, cordless phones, and even microwaves. Heavy masonry and metal objects may also cause interference.

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Should It Record The Footage? If So, Where Should The Video Be Stored?

Several types of CCTV security systems only provide the CCTV controller with a feed of the footage, and will only start recording when it has been triggered by either a press of a button, a ping on its motion sensor, or someone who is not recognised by its facial recognition feature. Most CCTVs, however, will allow you to record and save everything it captures.

Footage from both types of cameras is saved either on a CCTV DVR recorder, NVR recorder, cloud storage, a microSD card, or sometimes an external storage device.

The type of storage device you will want to use will depend on how much of the footage you plan on keeping.

Here’s an idea of how much space you need: As a standard in the UK, footage that comes from surveillance cameras that record public spaces, including places of business, storefronts, street curbs, and workplaces, must be kept for only a month. 

That means anything that is not of relevance to ongoing criminal investigations or disputes must be purged after the said period. These regulations, however, do not cover home security systems that do not, in any way, have a viewing angle to public spaces. (i.e., Inside the home, within your garden, etc.)

You would also want to make sure you are storing it somewhere secure, as CCTV recordings are considered sensitive and private.

What Camera Resolution Do You Need?

1080p, 4MP, 5MP, and 4K are the most common camera resolution for digital CCTVs, while 720p HD video is the highest resolution available for analogue CCTVs.

If you are looking to make sure all the details on your footage can be seen in the event of a criminal investigation, then you may, by all means, spring for a camera with higher resolution.

Do take note, though, that camera resolution rates are directly proportional to the footage file size. The higher the camera resolution, the more storage space you need.

Also, take into consideration the camera’s zoom and night vision features when deciding on the CCTV camera resolution.

Where Do You Plan On Installing The Cameras?

The location to which you plan on installing your CCTV is also an essential factor in choosing your camera. After all, you wouldn’t want to install an indoor camera outdoors and an outdoor camera indoors.

Unlike an indoor cam, an outdoor camera should be durable, weatherproof, and waterproof. It must also have night vision if you plan to have 24/7 video surveillance. 

How Wide Should The Camera Coverage Be?

Determine which areas of your house or place of business you want to record on camera. If you are planning on covering a wide range, you will want a digital camera with multiple sensors. An analogue camera, on the other hand, has a smaller coverage area and a limited viewing angle.

Do You Need It To Record Audio?

Yes, CCTVs that save audio recordings exist! Some even have a two way audio feature, allowing you to communicate with the data subject through the camera!

Generally, recording CCTV audio in public spaces is frowned upon, while it would require a compelling reason for you to do in the workplace. A home security system, on the other hand, should be fine with the audio recording feature, as long as you do not use the recordings for extortion, blackmail, or anything similar.

BONUS: Do I Want An IP Camera?

Chances are, you would want to get an IP camera. It is one of the most common type of digital CCTV cameras. It makes use of your network or internet portal (IP) to send footage over your computer’s router, thus allowing you to access them over the internet via remote monitoring.

Moreover, IP cameras, and most types of digital cameras, have multiple sensors that make it the best option for those looking for a camera system with wide coverage. Most IP cameras also come with a top-notch resolution, secure encryption, and a user-friendly interface, among many others. There’s nothing else you could ask for!

However, if you require something cheap and simple, then an analogue camera would do the trick for you!

Privacy With CCTV Systems

Because the use of CCTV cameras in public spaces in the UK has become widespread, concerns regarding the privacy of those being surveyed have been raised.

To quell these concerns, the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has provided some guidelines that regulate the use of domestic and business CCTV equipment.

These guidelines include disclosing the use of surveillance cameras in public spaces, registering as a CCTV controller with the ICO, regularly purging recorded footage, and providing members of the public with access to footage, among many others.

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Best Surveillance Camera System: The Top Contenders

To help you narrow your search, here are 7 CCTV camera systems that you may want to use.

Arlo Pro 3

First on our list is the Arlo Pro 3 security camera. This rechargeable camera checks off several boxes when it comes to features. It has the basics such as night vision, two way audio, and motion detection. It also has extra features such as built-in siren, arm/disarm modes, push notification alerts, and person, animal, vehicle, and package detection.

Moreover, the Arlo Pro 3 is pretty versatile, with it being a fit for both indoor and outdoor use. This smart security camera system works well for multi-camera setups, provides high-resolution live streaming, and has Google Assistant, Alexa, and Siri support.

Nest Cam IQ

The Nest Cam IQ indoor camera features HD live streaming, motion alerts, and person detection. It allows for the creation of a friends-and-family database with its advanced facial recognition software.

It also has a 12x zoom function for live streaming, a 4K image sensor, and a wide 130-degree view.

Blink XT2

Blink XT2 is a battery-powered security camera that is useful for indoors and outdoors. It has 110-degree field coverage, temperature monitoring, night vision, and motion detection-based recording and notification.

This camera also comes with the Blink Home Monitor mobile app, where you can view a live feed and communicate through the camera’s two-way audio feature.


The Simplicam security camera is a Wi Fi camera that can protect your video through end-to-end encryption. It is equipped with the basic CCTV features such as night vision, two-way audio, motion detection, and the like.

It is connected to its mobile app wherein you can communicate, view a live feed anytime, and record the live feed with the push of a button whenever you need to.

Lorex 4K Nocturnal

Lorex 4K Nocturnal is one of the smartest IP cameras in the market. It has a Color Night Vision feature where the camera will switch to black and white night vision when lighting conditions become too dark.

It has a 111-degree field of vision, person and vehicle detection and notification, and NVR recording features.

Logitech Circle 2

If you are looking for a top-notch wired security camera, Logitech Circle 2 is the best for you. It is versatile and straightforward, making it the easiest for those planning to DIY their security system for the first time.

It has 1080p HD live streaming, a 180-degree viewing angle, and access to long-term clip storage, person alerts, and customisable motion detection zones for a small fee.

Set On Installing A CCTV Security System?

If you’re set on purchasing and installing a CCTV kit in your home, do not hesitate to call an AerialForce CCTV installer to help you out with the job!

CCTV Basics: How To Choose The Right Power Supply

cctv power supply

UK residents are no strangers to CCTV cameras. Ever since its introduction in the 1990s, surveillance has become an important mainstay. In fact, for every 11 people, there is 1 CCTV camera

When you find yourself living in a shoddy neighbourhood or along the main road, a security camera is an important investment. It can help you keep track of the people who come and go. It is also an excellent investment for most businesses. Security cameras can deter petty crime like theft, vandalism, and break-ins. 

Whether you are looking into CCTV cameras for your home or business, it is important to know the basics. In this blog, we will cover everything you need to know about your CCTV’s power supply. 

What Power Supply Do I Need For A CCTV Camera?

When you are only working a single camera for a storeroom or office, it is fairly straightforward. You can follow the manufacturer’s instructions to connect your CCTV camera with the proper power supply. Basic setups rarely need anything beyond a battery or a plug to socket. However, when you are working with multiple cameras, as most homes and businesses do, you need to consider how to make it work as a system.

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Centralised Power Supply

When creating a proper system, there is a bit of math involved, but it’s nothing too complicated. Customers are encouraged to work with professional CCTV installers like Aerialforce when you set up a centralised CCTV power supply. These systems are incredibly customised, especially since there is a wide range of units available from analogue cameras to IP cameras

When you are creating your system, you wouldn’t want to go based on generic answers online. Here is a step-by-step guide to setting up your centralised power system that suits your needs: 


You will need the following materials:

  • CCTV/ IP cameras
  • Power supply box
  • Coaxial cables/ Network cables
  • LED board 


  1. Take note of the power (Watts) and voltage (Volts) of your CCTV camera. This information is usually available on the box, manual, or printed on the device. 
  2. Calculate for current (Ampere) by dividing your power with your voltage. Remember that amperes usually have decimal points, so most people convert to milliamperes to get a whole number, but the amount should be the same (e.g. .350 A is the same as 350 mA).
  3. You can double-check whether your wires can handle your current capacity, but it should be fine. Others recommend making sure it can function at 80% and to get that you can divide your current with .80 to get your margins.
  4. Connect the positive and negative terminal of your power supply box with your camera. The number of terminals depends on how many cameras you have. 
  5. If you have a major setup, you can invest in a dedicated fuse box for your CCTV system. Your circuit should be connected to each camera and have an LED indicator to show you whether it is powered or not. You can also have a PTC fuse in your power supply unit to ensure it doesn’t short circuit. This power supply unit makes it easy to maintain your CCTV system in the long-run.

Most systems can work with 12V DC with 10 A, but again, it is all about finding what works for you. Security cameras don’t usually take up a lot of power. 

How Can I Get Power For My CCTV Camera?

There are two ways you can get power to your CCTV camera. It is either a coaxial cable or a network cable that connects to your digital video recorder (DVR) or network video recorder (NVR). The type of cable you need depends on your security camera, though it also depends on the situation. Analogue cameras work better with a coaxial cable like an RG59. The video quality is low enough not to suffer any loss during transmission. Another benefit of coaxial cables is that they are shielded, this offers resistance against signal interference. 

You can learn more about coaxial cables in our blog: “What Is A Coaxial Cable and What Does It Do?”

Digital and IP cameras, on the other hand, tend to have larger data files. A coaxial cable may experience loss during transmission, and it defeats the purpose of getting HD footage. Network cables like a Cat 5 up to a Cat 7 with video baluns can handle these data files better. 

However, there is one thing to note when working with network cables–the higher the category, the shorter the distance. If your CCTV system spans a large area, you may experience a bit of lag when you go beyond 100 meters. In this case, it would be better to settle for a coaxial cable instead. 

When finding the right CCTV power supply cable, there is a bit of guesswork involved since every set up is so different. When in doubt, always consult a professional to ensure you are getting the best security system possible. 

Does CCTV Camera Work Without Electricity?

Like any other device, your CCTV power supply depends on electricity. So what happens when there are power outages? Some CCTV cameras have back up systems integrated like an additional battery that kicks in case of power failure. While it is a nifty feature, it is hard to come by. You would be better off looking into developing a backup system.

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You can connect your power supply box to your generator or battery so it can continue to record the activity on site. However, your contingency plan should not just consider the cameras, but the lights as well. In the worst-case scenario where your valuables are missing, you have to depend on your video output for your case. You cannot have your security system out of commission or have dim footage if you want to get to the bottom of the case. So while your CCTV depends on electricity, you can have backup plans in place, so it isn’t dependent on your main power line.

How Much Power Does A Security Camera Use?

The amount of power a security camera uses varies according to the model and your settings. The general rule of thumb is that the better the video quality and the longer the recording means more power in the long-run. Some security models also have extra features like night vision, motion detectors, or additional light which may also affect the power it consumes. When you have an around the clock surveillance system, you are bound to use a lot. 

You can calculate how much power your CCTV system uses by taking a device wattage and multiplying it with the hours used per day then divide it by 1000 to get the kilowatt per hour (kWh). The breakdown of the formula goes: 

Device wattage x hours per day = Watt-hours per day (Wh)

Device usage per day (Wh)/ 1000 = Device Usage in kWh

Device usage per day (kWh) x 30 days = Monthly usage (kWh/month)

* If you have more than one device, simply calculate for each then add them together. Your total should include each CCTV camera, DVR, and any other additional device. 

The cost of electricity may fluctuate, but the average should be around 14.40p per kWh. When you have 5, 7-watt, CCTV cameras and a 40 watt DVR that you use 24/7, it will total to approximately 16 pence per month.

Protip: There are models on the market that try to minimise its power consumption. Some security cameras only activate/ record when motion is detected, and when there is none, it simply stays in ‘sleep’ mode. 

While it is very doable to install your CCTV cameras by yourself, there is a lot of technical know-how involved. Besides being able to find out how to wire centralised power supply, calculate for monthly electric bills, you also need to consider your cameras’ placement and position. 

Instead of leaving gaping blind spots or poorly wiring your system, why don’t you get the help of professional CCTV engineers? Aerialforce offers you our expert services from sourcing CCTV units and elements, creating a surveillance plan, executing it, to providing quick repairs and maintenance. With our same-day service, you can have your home or business outfitted with a customised CCTV system that can leave you feeling safe and secure. You can book us online or call us at 0330 173 5056!

CCTV Signs and Other Legal Requirements: Navigating UK CCTV System Laws


The number of people investing and using CCTV cameras, both for domestic and business use is rising on the daily. This is because they are recognised as one of the most efficient means of deterring criminal activity, improving property insurance rates, monitoring happenings in your property, collecting evidence, settling disputes, and keeping records.

This widespread use of CCTV cameras in the UK, especially in public places, however, has been met with some concerns regarding the privacy of those who are being surveyed. Hence, the authorities, specifically the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), have introduced some guidelines that regulate the use of business and domestic CCTV equipment.

This guide aims to explain and simplify the legalities that must be adhered to, with regard to using a CCTV camera, as well as capturing and recording footage.

Complying With GDPR and UK DPA

The ICO implements and regulates the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the UK Data Protection Act of 2018 (DPA). And because you are using the CCTV system to monitor the activities of people outside the boundary of your private domestic property (i.e. workplaces, public areas), it is considered processing of personal data. It, therefore, falls under the UK DPA, which incorporates the GDPR.

Following the GDPR principle, personal data which is, in this case, video surveillance data, may only be kept as long as it is necessary. While that means the length of time CCTV footage may be kept is flexible to take into account the different aims and challenges each business has with making use of CCTV surveillance, there are still a few provisions stated by CCTV legislation.

Do note though, that as of writing this blog, the GDPR is still in effect, as the UK is still in the post-Brexit transition period. These guidelines may change after this 11-month transition period, which is set to end in December 2020.

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What Do I Do To Ensure Compliance?

If you are putting up a surveillance security system in public spaces (including offices and business areas) or capturing footage in locations outside the boundary of your property using a domestic CCTV system, there are some laws that you must comply with. These include:

Putting Up A GDPR-compliant CCTV Signage

GDPR states that organisations (and individuals who are recording areas that reach outside the boundary of their private property) must notify people (employees, customers, bystanders, pedestrians, etc.) that they are taking their data. One way of doing this is by putting up a CCTV warning sign.

Here are some CCTV signs legal requirements one should take note of:

  1. A clear and prominent CCTV sign is most important when the surveillance camera is placed discreetly, or in areas where people do not expect to be recorded.
  2. A CCTV security sign should be clear and prominent.
  3. Post a CCTV warning sign frequently.
  4. The reason as to why there is a CCTV camera in the area should be stated.
  5. Your CCTV sign should be appropriate in relation to size and context. If for example, you are pointing security cameras to a public street, then your sign should be visible to both pedestrians and vehicles.
  6. Consideration should be paid to what material your sign is made of. If you, for example, are posting it outdoors, consider putting up a sign made of durable material.
  7. Staff or members of the household should know what to do if someone enquires about the CCTV system. Security cameras in a public area must also show the organisation or individual responsible for the system.

Registering with the ICO as a CCTV Operator or Data Controller

You or someone from your company or your household must register for a CCTV license or with the ICO as a CCTV operator or data controller. By doing so, you can ensure that someone is aware of how to operate the CCTV system, knowing what to do with any data that is asked of them, and making sure that all regulations are being followed.

You may also be required to pay a data protection fee.

Ensuring That Private Spaces Are Not Under Surveillance

While putting up a CCTV system allows you to manoeuvre around some privacy laws, there are still some limitations as to what can go on your CCTV recording. For example, you can’t install a security camera in areas that will capture footage or intrude on interactions and conversations that are private. This includes:

  • Fitting rooms or changing rooms
  • Comfort rooms
  • Areas facing your neighbour’s private property (including garden, doors, and windows)
  • Conference rooms
  • Bathrooms or locker rooms
  • Shower areas
  • Bedrooms or hotel rooms

You should also conduct a privacy impact assessment to ensure that you are not intruding on the privacy of your employees, neighbouring households or establishments, guests, and random members of the public.

Regularly Purging CCTV Footage

As mentioned above, CCTV surveillance data may only be kept for a certain period. Usually, such recordings are purged or deleted after 30 days. There are instances, however, where circumstances involving the local authority, among many others, call for the storage of such data for a more extended period.

It is also essential to make sure that all footage is properly disposed of.

Providing Members of the Public Access To The Footage

Members of the public who have been subject to CCTV monitoring are legally allowed, as stated by the Data Protection Law, to request surveillance footage of themselves by using a Subject Access Request.

You may, however, refuse to provide the data subject with a copy of the footage if you are unable to hide the identity of other individuals on the footage or if the footage is part of an ongoing criminal investigation.

If you are unable to provide anyone with a copy of the footage for any reason, you may also invite them for a viewing of the footage, granted that they are amenable to this option.

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Making Sure CCTV Image and Surveillance Footage are Properly Recorded and Stored

As a CCTV operator, you are not authorised to share any footage you may record to individuals not found on any CCTV image. Part of protecting the privacy of those who are recorded is making sure that all footage is properly stored and secured from being accessed by other people during the 30-day data holding time.

Additionally, a data controller may not show the CCTV footage to anyone who does not have an acceptable reason to do so.

Auditing CCTV System Operation and Disclosing Related Findings

Make sure that your CCTV operation complies with legal requirements, policies, and standards by periodically auditing your CCTV system operation. Record and disclose the results of your audit by putting it on a document.

Making Sure There is No Audio Recording Of Any Sort

Recording Conversations between members of the public is prohibited while recording audio at the workplace is only acceptable if the purpose is justifiable, and if employees are made aware that the CCTV system is capturing video and sound. Otherwise, the only exceptions to this are panic buttons in taxis or monitoring conducted in a police custody room.

Why Comply To These Data Protection Obligations?

Non-compliance to the above-mentioned data protection obligations may result in appropriate regulatory action by the ICO and potential legal action by individuals involved. It is, therefore, best to practice the following to avoid any legal entanglements.

While complying with these obligations seem to be mere legal burdens, there are, in fact, some security benefits to following them. More than just being able to avoid getting fined, prosecuted, or incarcerated, complying to these CCTV laws will:

Help you avoid overspending.

CCTV legislation aims to strike a balance between data privacy and security. Hence, it forbids for the development, and deployment, of unnecessarily complicated and expensive security equipment.

Ensure that your ownership of surveillance data will not be taken against you.

Because you are protecting data from your surveillance system in accordance with the DPA, among other legal data protection acts, no one can use your possession of this data against you. Moreover, you may seek the protection of the authorities when someone tries to come after you.

You may refine and strengthen your security strategy.

Because you are required to maintain internal documentation, you will be able to refine and strengthen your security strategy whenever you find the need to.

Now that you’ve gotten an idea on just how much work goes into installing and making sure your CCTV system follows every legal requirement on surveillance systems, you may begin the process of your CCTV system installation. To do this, contact a local engineer or book an appointment with an AerialForce expert today!

How Much Will A CCTV Installation Cost?

cctv installation

CCTV Camera Installation Cost

A CCTV Camera is one of the best ways to prevent crime from happening to your property. Regardless of whether it is your home or your business, your safety should be your top priority. There is no denying that crime has become more rampant than it has ever been. Not to be a pessimist but given the situation of this day and age, it’s better to take all the necessary safety measures. 

One question on everyone’s mind is how much will a CCTV Camera Installation cost? In this article, we will do a comprehensive discussion on CCTV Camera Installation and the factors that affect its cost.

It’s recommended that before you push through with your decision to get a CCTV system, you become well-versed on the topic. This will allow you to get the best Surveillance system for your home at the most optimal price.

Types of CCTV Camera Systems

There are different surveillance camera systems. Take the time to read on the different types so you can get only the most suitable CCTV Camera system for your property.

  • Dome CCTV Camera

A dome camera is the most commonly used home CCTV system for indoor and outdoor security. The name comes from the fact that the CCTV camera is dome-shaped. The glass dome covers which angle the camera is facing deterring criminals from attempting a robbery.

  • Bullet CCTV Camera

A Bullet CCTV Camera is long and cylindrical. This type of camera is ideal for outdoor use, especially as it comes with a strong, protective casing. Dirt, dust and other natural elements can easily damage a regular CCTV camera. Its speciality also lies in long-distance viewing.  

  • C-Mount CCTV Camera

C-Mount CCTV Cameras come with detachable lenses making it extra versatile. While regular cameras can film only up to 35 ft., C-mount CCTV cameras can cover beyond that distance. Subtlety is not this camera’s strongest suit as it can be bulky and can easily be spotted from anywhere. However, it can be an effective scarecrow for robbers.

  • Network/IP CCTV Camera

Network or Internet-Protocol (IP) CCTV Cameras is a fairly recent advancement. Network cameras are perfect for a Home CCTV System. This camera does not have local storage but is connected to the Internet. Cloud storage is much safer as your data cannot be tampered with. By uploading the feed straight online, you get remote access, which is a solid feature for when you are on vacation and gets worried about your house.

  • High Definition HD CCTV Camera

Although an HD CCTV Camera is way more expensive than your regular CCTV Camera, it offers more uses. For example, its zoom-in feature is top-notch and can provide users with clear and HD images. This is usually used in casinos where guards need super clear images to determine whether anyone is cheating.

CCTV Features That May Affect CCTV Camera Installation Cost

  • Indoor vs Outdoor

Outdoor installations will most probably cost more as there are a lot of adjustments that have to be made. Protective casings will also need to be installed to protect the cameras from outdoor factors.

  • Extra Cameras

If you want extra cameras, this will obviously cost extra. If you’re going for a Home CCTV system, you do not need to record your entire house. It’s more financially practical to cover only the entry points of your house ie. front and back doors. This will also save you electricity costs.

  • Resolution & FPS

The higher the resolution you want, the more expensive the camera will be. If you’re going for a Home CCTV System, there is no need to empty out your bank account on a super high-tech and modern camera.

  • Motion Detection

One cool feature of newer models of CCTV systems is motion detection. With built-in motion sensors, you and your family’s safety is more guaranteed. Motion sensors can also come with Infrared vision, Thermal vision, and alarm systems. Although it will cost you extra, many consider it a small price for the peace of mind and a good night of sleep.

  • Night Vision

Cameras without night vision don’t fare well in the dark. Their feed is compromised and you wouldn’t be able to see anything significant happening unless your house has adequate lighting even in the middle of the night. What good would a camera be when it is blind half of the time. 

  • Remote Monitoring

An IP CCTV Camera streams its recording directly online. This gives its users real-time access to the feed. Users can also watch the entire recording whenever they want to monitor whether there is any suspicious activity around their area. Remote monitoring is most useful for household owners who are often away from their houses. They can easily check in any time wherever they are to make sure that their property is still safe.

  • Video Storage

    • Local Storage

Video recordings will require heavy-duty storage. Even when set in the lowest resolution, a 24-hour feed will still amount to quite a substantial amount of Gigabytes. If your camera runs on local storage, the SD Card needs to be emptied every few days.

  • Cloud Storage

On the other hand, cloud storage directly uploads all recordings to the cloud. While more convenient, as you don’t need to buy SD Cards or manually empty each one regularly, this type of storage requires a strong Internet connection and no data limit or data cap on your bandwidth.

Is It Worth Installing A CCTV?

Yes. As many would say, you cannot put a price tag on your own safety. The importance of having an existing video surveillance system is something that cannot be quantified. It’s better to take the necessary precautions now than to have an unfortunate incident in the future. 

How Long Does It Take To Install A CCTV?

A professional can easily install a CCTV System within a couple of hours. The only problem you will encounter is how to hide the wires of your cameras and which angle is best for your security. You can always ask your installers to identify where would be the most optimal location for your CCTV Camera.